Editor’s note: I highly recommend that you watch the video on the right side!
Lupus has various kinds of symptoms. Therefore, symptoms of lupus in men differ from one to another. These symptoms appear suddenly. They might have developed slowly over time as well. Whereas some of the symptoms are mild, other can be severe. These symptoms are sometimes permanent and sometimes temporary. This is why, the symptoms that a person experiences is quite different from another Lupus patient. On a side note, be sure to check out: http://www.lupus.org
Most of the Lupus patients go through flares. The flares are episodes when the symptoms and signs get worse. After the flare occurs, the symptoms start to improve. In some cases, they even disappear completely for longer period.
As different body parts are affected by lupus, the signs and symptoms vary depending on which system has been affected. However, some of the most common Lupus symptoms in men include:
- Fever accompanied by fatigue: Lupus patients experience mild fever. Often, this is the first sign of Lupus in patients. Most of the lupus patients experience different levels of fatigue. Whereas some experience mild fatigue, in some others’ case, it might be severe. Even those who are affected by mild form of Lupus find it difficult to engage in exercise or various daily activities without getting exhausted and tired. If the fatigue increases, then the patients should be well prepared as a flare might occur.
- Pain in joints: Patient might also experience swelling and stiffness in joints. About seventy percent of the Lupus patients have reported of joint paints. Muscle pain also accompanies it. Joints of lupus patients swell and take red color. Often times, the arthritis that results from lupus affects both the sides at once. This is why, patients fell muscle and joint pain in the wrist, ankle, knee and elbow area.
- Nervous System Problems: Most of the Lupus patients experience some kind of nervous system problem such as headaches. The pain might be accompanied by concentration and memory problem if the problem becomes severe.
- Rashes: Rashes appear on face. As they appear on the cheeks and on the bridge of nose, these rashes appear to be butterfly shaped.
- Dry feeling in eye.
- Skin Problems: Lesions on skin appear and the lesions worsen as they are exposed to the sun. Rashes also appear. Rashes and lesions often help to diagnose and identify lupus. In addition to the aforementioned butterfly rashes, other skin conditions such as sore spot and/or flaky red spot might appear on areas such as back, neck, arm, hands and face. Patients also experience sores in lips and mouth. They even reported of experiencing reddish or purplish scaly rash on chest, arm, face, ear, scalp, neck etc. areas.
- Increased Sensitivity: Lupus patients become sensitive to the ultra violet ray. The sun’s ray worsens the skin lesions and rashes. Those who are fair become more sensitive to sun’s ray than the others do.
- Raynaud’s phenomenon: During stressful period, toes and fingers can turn blue or white when exposed to chilly temperature. It happens because the small blood carrying vessels are affected. These vessels, when affected, cannot carry sufficient amount of blood to the soft tissues and skin that are there under fingers and toes and thus it causes the fingers and toes to turn blue and/or white and/or red. The affected area feels numb and tingly. This is why; Lupus patients often have cold finger or toe.
- Lung Problem: Breathing problem as the patient might experience shortness of breath. This occurs as the lupus can inflame the sac around the lungs known as pleurisy. This can cause a stabbing sensation in the chest area while breathing and it can thus be accompanied by cough.
- Hair Loss: Those who are affected by lupus experience hair loss. The patients might lose patches of hair or the hair loss can be spread evenly. However, this hair loss problem is not a permanent sign or symptom.
- Mental Health Problem: Lupus patients have also reported to suffer from depression and anxiety. However, this can be treated using various kinds of medications and other treatment procedures.
- Drastic Change in weight: when the patients go through flaring, they can lose a significant amount of weight in a short period.
- Swollen Glands: Those who are affected by Lupus experience swollen glands. As Lupus affects a person, it causes swelling in the lymph glands during flares.
Now that you have a good understanding of Lupus, I suggest you read my article, manage your skin disease.
- Swelling in the joints and pain in the muscles
- Recurring and unexplained fever
- Red rashes on the face and other skin parts that are exposed to sunlight
- Extreme fatigue
- Photosensitivity of sensitivity to sunlight
- Mouth ulcers
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling around the eyes
- Pale fingers and toes
- Hair loss
When a person manifests any or some of these symptoms of discoid lupus, it is essential that he asks the help of a doctor. The doctor would then conduct several tests to check if the patient has lupus or not.
What are the different parts of the body that can be affected by lupus? If lupus is not managed properly, it can affect many other body parts including vital organs such as the:
Once the immune system is not working properly, a lupus patient will be prone to diseases such as pneumonia. Also, a person with lupus will experience pleuritis, which is an inflammation in the linings of the lungs. A patient with lupus is advised to quit smoking if he is a smoker.
It is also likely that a person with lupus will experience inflammation of the kidneys.
Brain and Spinal Cord
Lupus affects the central nervous system in some patients. These lupus patients have a serious case of lupus and experience aggressive symptoms of lupus.
Blood and Blood vessels
Some patients with lupus may experience anemia, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. Also, the blood vessels will become inflamed during blood circulation.
In some severe cases of lupus, a patient may experience myocarditis and endocarditis. Pericarditis, which is the inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the heart, may also happen and this can bring about chest pains and difficulty in breathing. Lupus may also increase the risk of atherosclerosis which is the hardening of the arteries.
What causes lupus and who gets them? Scientists have not found a particular cause for lupus but they have considered some factors which may have been the reason for the disease to occur. Genetics is one reason that experts consider. Also, the lifestyle of a person would matter as anything that one does to himself would always have an effect to the body. Anyone can have lupus, even babies. But statistics have pointed out that most lupus patients are women.
If a person is suspected of having lupus, how do doctors diagnose lupus? Giving an accurate diagnosis of lupus is a process. Having manifestations of symptoms of lupus is not enough for a physician to conclude that the patient indeed has lupus. Several tests such as a complete physical exam, blood test, skin biopsy and kidney biopsy may be conducted before a doctor would give his diagnosis.
What happens if a person is diagnosed to have lupus? The doctor would then give some prescriptions to help combat the flares of the symptoms of lupus. More importantly, the doctor would give the lupus patient a treatment plan which must be followed by the patient religiously to help him manage lupus effectively. The goals of this treatment plan would be focused on preventing lupus breakouts, treatment of symptoms and reducing damage to organs. It is important that the patient would be in constant communication with the doctor to monitor the progress or regress he is making. If a treatment plan is not working, the doctor and the patient may work on working a new plan. It is essential that the patient, together with the support of family and friends, will be disciplined and determined to fight lupus and its symptoms.
I found a very informative video on Lupus, be sure to view it:
In addition to this article I highly recommend you read all about the different types of lupus.